General principles of using miscanthus fuel pellets and solid raw materials
High-quality wood pellets are used for heating residential buildings by burning in small pellet boilers, stoves and fireplaces or solid fuel boilers. In Europe, they are mainly sold in 16-20 kilogram bags. The demand for wood briquettes and pellets, equipment for their burning and production is growing in proportion to the prices of such traditional fuels as oil and gas. In some European countries, in particular in Sweden, where the market for alternative energy sources is the most developed, up to 2/3 of residential premises are heated with pellets.
Such wide distribution is also explained by the environmental friendliness of this type of fuel – during combustion, CO2 emissions are equal to the absorption of this gas during the growth of a tree, and emissions of NOx and volatile organic compounds are significantly reduced thanks to the use of modern combustion technologies. Pellets with a large content of bark are burned in boilers of higher capacity to obtain heat and electricity for settlements and industrial enterprises.